Pharmacology of Store-operated Calcium Channels

  1. James W. Putney
  1. Calcium Regulation Section, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences – NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, PO Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709


Store-operated calcium entry is a process by which the depletion of calcium from the endoplasmic reticulum activates calcium influx across the plasma membrane. In the past few years, the major players in this pathway have been identified. STIM1 and STIM2 function as calcium sensors in the endoplasmic reticulum and can interact with and activate plasma membrane channels comprised of Orai1, Orai2, or Orai3 subunits. This review discusses recent advances in our understanding of this widespread signaling mechanism as well as the mechanisms by which a number of interesting pharmacological agents modify it.

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