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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 25-31

Quality of life in subjects with shortened dental arch rehabilitated with removable metal-based partial dentures

1 Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Temitope Ayodeji Esan
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-4610.190606

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Context: Previous studies showed that treatment of shortened dental arch (SDA) subjects with metal-based removable partial denture (RPD) did not significantly improve their quality of life (QoL). Objective: To assess the effect of metal-based RPDs on the QoL of patients in Nigeria with SDA using the oral health impact profile 49 (OHIP-49). Materials and Methods: The study was an interventional study consisting of 36 consecutive patients attending the Prosthetic Dental Clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria and met the inclusion criteria. The patients completed the OHIP-49 questionnaire before treatment and 3 months after insertion of the metal-based denture. All the relevant information gathered from the subjects was recorded in the data collection sheet. Data analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 17.0). Statistical significance was inferred at P < 0.05. Results: A total of 36 patients consisting of 24 (66.7%) females and 12 (33.3%) males participated in the study. The age range of the subjects was 34-64 years with a mean age of 52.2 ± 8.2 years. There was a significant improvement in the mean scores of all the domains of OHIP-49 and the total mean score of OHIP-49 3 months after treatment. Irrespective of age, gender, saddle type, and saddle location, there was a significant improvement in the QoL of the patients 3 months after treatment with metal-based RPD. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, there was an improvement in the QoL of subjects with SDA after treatment with RPDs.

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