Indian Journal of Human Genetics
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-12

Evaluation of smoking genotoxicity in Turkish young adults

1 Department of Medical Genetics, University of Selçuk, Meram Medical Faculty, Konya, Turkey
2 Department of Medical Biology, University of Selçuk, Meram Medical Faculty, Konya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Ayse G Zamani
Nalcaci Cad. Saglik Apt., No:5/5 42060, Selcuklu, Konya
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Source of Support: Scientific Research and Project Coordinator of Selcuk University (Project number: 98/053), Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6866.82186

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Background: For the past few decades, it has been widely known in developed countries that tobacco is dangerous, but it is still insufficiently realized how big these dangers really are. Aims: To determine and evaluate micronuclei (MN) frequencies of young smokers and nonsmokers in three different tissues (peripheric blood lymphoctes, buccal mucosa, and exfoliative urothelial cells) at the same time. Materials and Methods: MN assay was performed on buccal mucosa, urothelial cells, and peripheric blood lymphocyte samples obtained from 15 healthy male smokers (>5 pack-years) and 15 healthy male nonsmoker controls who had not been exposed to any known genotoxic agent. Statistical Analysis Used: The statistical differences between smoker and nonsmoker groups were calculated by using student t test. The differences between smoker-group tissues were compared by ANOVA. Results: It was found that MN frequency (mean value ± standard deviation) in oral mucosa cells from smokers and controls were 1.20 ± 0.22% and 0.26 ± 0.10%; in urothelial exfoliative cells, 1.29 ± 0.28% and 0.12 ± 0.08%; in peripheric blood lymphocytes, 1.53 ± 0.23% and 0.38 ± 0.12%, respectively. The mean MN frequencies in buccal mucosa, urothelial exfoliative cells, and peripheric blood lymphocytes were significantly higher in smokers than in those of controls (P<0.05). All tissues were affected from smoking, but the most destructive effect was seen in urothelial cells of smokers (P<0.05). Conclusions: Our data showed that cigarette smoke is a DNA damage causitive agent on exfoliative buccal mucosa and urothelial cells and peripheric blood lymphocytes of young smokers, but it has most destructive effect on urothelial cells.

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