Indian Journal of Human Genetics
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 437-442

Mutation analysis of mitogen activated protein kinase 1 gene in Indian cases of 46,XY disorder of sex development

Genetic Research Centre, National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dhanjit Kumar Das
Genetic Research Centre, National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health, Jahangir Merwanji Street, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: Government of India for providing financial grants for the study, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6866.124372

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Background: Determination of sex is the result of cascade of molecular events that cause undifferentiated bipotential gonad to develop as a testis or an ovary. A series of genes such as SRY, steroidogenic factor-1 (SF1), AR, SRD5 α, Desert hedgehog (DHH) etc., have been reported to have a significant role in development of sex in the fetus and secondary sexual characteristics at the time of puberty. Recently, mitogen activated protein kinase kinase kinase 1 (MAP3K1) gene was found to be associated with 46, XY disorders of sex development (DSD). Aim: The present study is focused to identify mutations in MAP3K1 gene in the cohort of 10 Indian patients with 46,XY DSD including one family with two affected sisters. These patients were already screened for SRY, SF1 and DHH gene, but no mutation was observed in any of these genes. Materials and Methods: The entire coding regions of MAP3K1 were amplified and sequenced using the gene specific primers. Results and Discussions: Sequence analysis of MAP3K1 gene has revealed four variants including one missense, two silent and one deletion mutation. The missense mutation p.D806N was observed in four patients with hypospadias. Two patients showed the presence of silent mutation p.Q1028Q present in exon 14. Another silent mutation p.T428T was observed in a patient with gonadal dysgenesis. We have also observed one deletion mutation p. 942insT present in two patients. The pathogenicity of the missense mutation p.D806N was carried out using in-silico approach. Sequence homology analysis has revealed that the aspartate at 806 was found to be well-conserved across species, indicated the importance of this residue. The score for polyphen analysis of this mutation was found to be 0.999 indicating to be pathogenic mutation. Since, p.D806N mutation was found to be important residue; it might contribute to sexual development. We have reported the presence of mutations/polymorphism in MAP3K1 gene. All the mutations were found to be polymorphism upon comparing to single nucleotide polymorphism database. However, in-silico analysis of the missense mutation revealed to be a pathogenic mutation.

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